Glaucoma is an eye disease that can harm your vision if not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. The consequences that are associated with glaucoma include damage to your optic nerves, vision loss, and in the most severe cases, blindness. But symptoms often are not noticeable in the early stages of glaucoma and that is why we strongly urge all of our valued patients to schedule a yearly exam at Eye to Eye. Our optometrist in Cockeysville will perform diagnostic testing to determine if you have glaucoma.
It will be necessary to dilate your pupils with eye drops in order to get a good, clear look inside your eyes. The baseline test for glaucoma is called tonometry. Glaucoma occurs when there is an imbalance between the fluid your eyes create and the fluid that drains from your eyes. This leads to a buildup of fluid and a buildup of internal eye pressure that results from it. Tonometry measures the amount of internal eye pressure. Our optometrist in Cockeysville won’t rely just on that, however. Your peripheral- or side to side- vision will also be checked. Other tests that may be involved include taking a photograph of your optic nerve. Additional testing may be recommended depending upon what the initial testing reveals. None of the diagnostic work involves any pain and it can all be done reasonably fast.
Although a yearly glaucoma screening as part of a comprehensive eye exam is extremely helpful, you should be aware of symptoms that might indicate the presence of glaucoma. Noticing one or more of the following could mean that you have glaucoma and if you’re experiencing symptoms, it might be because the disease has progressed: loss of vision, eye redness, seeing halos surrounding light, eye pain, and tunnel vision are all possible signs of glaucoma. Nausea and vomiting also may occur, particularly in addition to one or more of the other signs. Contact us right away to schedule an exam with our optometrist in Cockeysville if you have any of the symptoms listed. Glaucoma can be treated, though not cured. However, eye drops and laser surgery can often be quite effective in relieving the excess eye pressure and helping you restore balance and avoid further damage.